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Neurological diseases are the cause of 19.5% of deaths that occur every year in the Region of Murcia (21/11/2018)

Neurological diseases are responsible for 15.5% of deaths of men, and 23.7% of women in Murcia.

In Murcia, mortality from neurological diseases has increased by 18.1% in the last 10 years.

Stroke and Alzheimer, leading diseases in mortality in Spain.

But while stroke mortality has fallen by 14.8% in Murcia in the last 10 years, mortality from Alzheimer's has increased by 109%.

The Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN) has presented at its 70th Annual Meeting the report "Impact of neurological diseases on Spanish mortality."

Prepared with the latest data published by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), the report aims to determine the weight of neurological diseases in Spanish mortality and in the different Autonomous Communities, as well as the evolution of neurological diseases with higher mortality rate in the last decade.

According to the available data, more than 78,000 Spaniards died in the last year due to neurological diseases, which means that they are the cause of 19% of the deaths that occur every year in Spain.

In the Region of Murcia, 2,100 people died from this cause, which represents 19.5% of all annual deaths.

Figures that are not distributed equally by sex.

While in Spain they were responsible for 14.6% of the deaths of men, the figure increases to 23.6% in the case of women (15.5% and 23.7%, respectively, in the Region of Murcia).

"But in addition, these figures could be even higher, because by cataloging the International Classification of Diseases, we have not been able to count the deaths that are produced by traumatic brain injury.

According to our estimates, every year about 20,000 serious head injuries occur, of which up to 40% of those who suffer, unfortunately, ends up dying, "says Dr. Juan Carlos Portilla, Member of the Spanish Society of Neurology.

Cantabria (24.1%), Basque Country (22.6%) and Navarre (22%) are the Autonomous Communities in which there is a higher percentage of mortality due to neurological diseases with respect to the total number of deaths, and they are also the regions where more women die from this cause (30.6%, 27.8% and 27.6%, respectively).

In the case of the mortality of men due to neurological diseases, La Rioja (19.4%) is in first place, followed by Cantabria (17.8%) and País Vasco (17.7%).

On the other hand, the Canary Islands (14.5%), the Community of Madrid (16.35%) and Extremadura (16.8%) are the regions where there is a lower percentage of deaths due to neurological diseases - in addition to cities Autónomas of Ceuta (14.7%) and Melilla (15.8%) - and also have the lowest mortality figures for neurological disease in both men and women.

Although very related to the number of inhabitants of each region, Catalonia is the Autonomous Community where there is a greater number of people who have died due to neurological diseases (more than 13,300 people), and also women (more than 8,200);

followed by Andalusia, where more than 12,800 people per year die from neurological diseases and more men (more than 5,100).

Another of the conclusions of the report is that, although mortality in Spain has increased in the last 10 years, the number of deaths due to neurological diseases has not increased in the same proportion.

While Spanish mortality increased by 10.5% in this period, when we only talk about the mortality of neurological diseases, it reaches 18.5% (16.5% in men and 19.8% in women, compared to 7.6% and 13.7%, which has increased Spanish mortality, respectively, in these 10 years).

In the Region of Murcia mortality increased by 11.9% in these last 10 years, while mortality from neurological diseases increased by 18.1%.

"There are many neurological diseases whose incidence increases considerably with age.

The progressive aging of the population and the fact that women live longer than men alone explain these data, but it also leads us to think that, in the future, this increase will be even greater, "says Dr. Juan Carlos Portilla.

And is that diseases such as cerebrovascular (mainly strokes), dementia (especially Alzheimer's disease) and parkinsonisms (especially Parkinson's disease), which are the neurological diseases that lead to a greater number of deaths among the Spanish population, are pathologies in which the risk of developing any of them increases markedly with age.

If we take into account mortality by specific entities, cerebrovascular diseases constitute, among all possible causes and not only neurological causes, the first cause of mortality in women, and the second in the entire Spanish population.

Currently, cerebrovascular diseases in Spain produce more than 27,000 deaths per year (11,500 in men and 15,500 in women).

On the other hand, Alzheimer's disease is the second neurological disease with the highest mortality, with about 14,800 deaths per year (4,300 in men and 10,500 in women).

In any case, it is observed that, in the last 10 years, the mortality due to cerebrovascular disease is decreasing - although its incidence continues to increase - thanks to the improvement in the treatments.

Ten years ago there were 32,900 deaths in Spain due to cerebrovascular diseases, which means that this period has reduced mortality by 17.6%.

In the last 10 years, mortality from cerebrovascular diseases has decreased by 14.8% in the Region of Murcia.

"Taking into account these data, it would be expected that, since the stroke is the neurological disease that causes more deaths, that there should have been a reduction in the mortality of neurological diseases, but unfortunately the good figures that we have achieved with stroke are They have been overtaken by the increased mortality of neurodegenerative diseases, mainly Alzheimer's, but also by others such as Parkinson's.

That is, as the mortality associated with cerebrovascular diseases decreases, that associated with Parkinson's disease increases and, very significantly, that due to Alzheimer's disease, especially among women, "says Dr. Juan Carlos Porthole.

"So we estimate that, a very short period of time and if we can not reverse this trend, Alzheimer's will become the first cause of mortality in our country."

And, on the contrary, in the last 10 years the mortality from Alzheimer's disease has increased in Spain by more than 61% (63.7% in women and 55.8% in men).

In the last 10 years, mortality from Alzheimer's has increased by more than 109% (101.8% in women and 127.5% in men) in the Region of Murcia.

"The impact that the introduction of new treatments for stroke has had on the mortality of this disease is a clear indication of the importance of continuing to investigate neurological diseases, as we are promoting in this Annual Meeting," he said. Dr. Exuperio Díez Tejedor, President of the Spanish Society of Neurology.

"In any case, and while the scientific community tries to achieve more effective treatments for neurological diseases that, as this report shows, have a high impact on mortality, but also in terms of dependence and chronicity, it is important to raise awareness the population of the importance of controlling the main risk factors ".

And is that, in addition to age, there is another series of risk factors such as high blood pressure, cholesterol or diabetes that markedly increase the likelihood of suffering any of these diseases.

The Spanish Society of Neurology believes that preventing these risk factors could, at least, delay several years the appearance of neurological diseases with higher mortality rate and, in theory, achieve reduce up to 50% the likelihood of suffering any of these diseases .

The report "Impact of neurological diseases on Spanish mortality", has been made based on the latest data published by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), in December 2017, relating to the year 2016. Therefore, the conclusions Regarding the evolution of 10-year mortality, it was carried out considering the year 2006.

Source: Agencias

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